Sufi/Islamic Circuit in Bihar
Bihar has been one of the earliest places in the Indian Sub-Continent where mystic Sufis had settled. The most important of all the Sufi orders in Bihar, however, was the Suharwardia, particularly its sub section, the Firdausia Silsila. One of its most celebrated saints was Hazrat Sharafuddin Ahmad. He was born in Maner 1262 AD and he died in Biharsharif in 1377 AD.
The advent of Sufism in Bihar and its adjoining areas also led to the mushrooming of mosques and “khanqahs” of element Sufi saints and preachers. These became centers of learning. In fact there are hundreds of holy places associated with Sufi saints in Bihar where Sufism is still a thriving tradition and many important Sufi centers still continue to flourish.
Maner Sharif :
Maner Sharif is about 32 km west of Patna which is the most important and oldest centre of Sufism in Bihar. The tradition introduced here by Imam Taj Faqih continues even to this day. The tombs of several well-known Sufi saints, including the mausoleum of Shah Daulat, a contemporary of Mughal Emperors Akbar and Jehangir are located here. Early in 1616 AD a gem of Turko-Afghan and Mughal architecture Tomb is come by Ibrahim Khan and now it is visited by Islamic religious tourist as well as tourist of architectural interest.
Bihar Sharif :
Bihar Sharif is famous for the Tomb of Mukhdum Sharfuddin Yahiya Maneri, a contemporary ofMohammad bin Tughlaq and firoz Shah Tughlaq (14th century). Makhdum S Y Maneri was prolific writer and he left behind a vast corpus of mystic literature in the form of letters and treaties. He was one of the most renowned Sufi Saints in medieval India.
Phulwari Sharif :
There’s another important Sufi centre is situated in Phulwari Sharif, Patna. The “Khanque Mujeebia” found in the 18th century by Pir Mujibullah Qadri and commands a large number of devotees. Sacred hairs of the beard of Paigamber Hazrat Muhammad Saheb are preserved here in Banri Khankah that attracts throngs of his followers and a big fair is held every year. There is also an archeologically important and worth seeing ancient Sangi Masjid (mosque) built of red stones at Phulwari Sharif. It was built by the Mughal Emperor Humayun.
Khankah Emadia (Mangal Talab, Patna City, Patna):
One of the off-springs in the family of prominent Sufi Saint Hazrat Pir Muzibullah Quadri had founded another Khanqah during 19th century near a tank called Mangal Talab that is situated in the Patna City Chowk area. It is called Khanqah Emadia that houses a Madarsa. An Urs is held here annually when throngs of devotees assemble and pay their respect to their beloved Sufi Saint.
Dargah Sharif, Mithan Ghat (Patna City, Patna):
A beautiful double storied mosque was built by Mughal Prince Azim on the banks of Ganges at Mittan Ghat, Patna City area that was previously called Azimabad during the reign of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. This mosque was built for Mulla Mittan who was teacher of the Prince. It was the place from where the great Sufi Saint Hazrat Makhdum Munnem used to preach his disciples during the 18th Century. The ancient mosque still exists and is popularly known as Dargah Sharif. Every year, after 5 days of “the Eid festival, an annual Urs Chiraga is held here when devotees assemble at this Dargah Sharif in great numbers.
Amjhar Sharif :
Amjhar Sharif is located in Aurangabad district and place of chief representative of Quadri order, Syed Muhammad of Amjhar Sharif tomb is regarded as a very sacred place. There are two trees in the garden of the complex which are believed to have grown from two saplings from middle – east country.
Hazrat Bibi Kamal Ka Mukbara (Kako) :
The tomb of Hazrat Bibi Kamal, the first women sufi of the country is located at Jehanabad, Kako Block. The darghah is visited by the believers from all sects as it is famous for the holy healing power for the mentally challenged and acute diseases. Hazrat Bibi Kamal is said to have been the aunt of Hazrat Makhdum Saheb of Bihar Sharif. A yearly Sufi Mahotsav is celebrate every year by Tourism Department.
Hajipur Karbala (Vaishali):
It was constructed 175 years ago by Shah Alam. It attracts a large crowd of Muslims throughout the years.
The village is situated about 21 kms South of Siwan on the bank of Dhanai river. According to tradition, Makhdum Saiyed Hasan Chisti, a saint who came from Arabia to India and settled here, founded this village. He also founded a Khanqah (religious institution) here. The village contains remains of a large mosque and tomb of the Saint, which is visited by both Hindus and Muslims. The grave is a large open court to the west of the village. In front of it is a basalt image of Vishnu but it has been ruthlessly treated. It is regarded as an inauspicious fiend who has turned into stone by the holy Makhdum and must not be raised or placed erect. It contains no inscription but its style shows it to belong to about the seventh century A.D.
If you have a spiritual bent of mind and want to explore the mysticism that has, over the centuries, come to Bihar as we will show you Sufism which still hold its root in this region. So pack your luggage and come to explore the land of Sufism with Visit Bihar.