Cave Tour in Bihar
Bihar has unique set of ancient Caves that enhance the archaeological beauty along with prehistoric evidence of ancient civilization in the region. Barabar Rock Cut Cave in Jehanabad district is famous for its unique style of stone polish and Kaimur Caves is famous for Rock Painting of Pre Historical Civilization. We at Visit Bihar provide guided tour to these Caves in Bihar which is one of its Kinds in India.
Barabar is consists of a group of hills with distinct peaks. The most conspicuous are the peaks known as Murali, Sandagiri and Siddheshwar. These hills are noted for the world-famous seven caves. These caves was built in the 3rd Century CE during the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka’s region, the Barabar caves are the Oldest Surviving rock cut caves in India.
The inscription in the cave mentions that the King built this cave for the use of monks of Ajivika sect, closely related to the Jains. The Barabar Caves are excavated in the hardest granite with infinite care and the interior surface of all of them contains high polish and is burnished like glass. The credit for unraveling the charm and appeal of the Barabar Hills goes to celebrated British author E M Forsters in “A Passage to India”.
Barabar group of caves name is Sudama Cave, Lomas Rishi Cave, Karna Chupar Cave, Nagarjuni-Gopi Cave, Vadithi ka Kubha and Vapiya ka Kubha.
There is a temple in Barabar called Siddheshwarnath Temple, this temple is an above 1200 ft and attracted the attention of pilgrims even before the advent of Buddhism.
About 3 km south-west from Barabar Hills, the road takes you to Kauwa Dol where you can find exquisite rock-hewn sculptures dating to the period 800 AD to 1200 AD. The hill is surrounded by ancient Buddhist ruins, Rock cut Hindu and Buddhist sculptures and there are several Muhammedan tombs on this side of the hill built chiefly of pillars and other squared and ornamented stone of some Hindu temples.
On the rocks of the northern and eastern face of the hill are seen carved, rather rudely, numerous figure representing mostly Hindu deities like Hara-Gauri, Mahishasurmardini, Durga, Ganesha etc. The images of the goddess Durga are however, largest in number. A few figures of the seated Buddha are also to be seen.
Kaimur Caves are famous for its pre historic Rock Paintings. In an exploration conducted in the year 1994-1995 by archaeologists more than a dozen rock painting site have been discovered in the Kaimur district. On the Kaimur hill the sites are at Mokwas, Patesar, Jhapia hill in the Chand block, Badki Goriya in the Makarikhoh valley in Bhagwanpur block beside Dugha, Hatiadag, Sarodag, Chaya, Kokhargada in the Adhaura block. It is founded that the painting has been created on the smooth surfaces of the inner walls and ceilings of the rock shelters.
The rock paintings of Kaimur region remarkably show great similarity with the rock painting of Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh state. This is mainly due to fact that the Vindhya Range extends right from the Mirzapur district up to Sasaram in the Rohtas district and the Kaimur district forms a part of the same range. The subjects in these paintings are of various animals, human in action and floral as well as geometrical patterns including hand prints and footprints. Some of the feature like depiction of stick like figures, dancing figures, X-ray style figures etc are also quite commonly noticed in the Kaimur rock paintings.
We offer guided tour to these rocks painting site and rock cut caves to explore the hidden treasure of Bihar. Please contact us for further details of these rocks painting site in Barabar Hills and Kaimur Hills.